Fillings, stuffings, batters & frostings are used to complement other dishes.

There are sandwich or pie fillings; mixes with seasoned bread crumbs, dried fruit and nuts used to stuff a bird before roasting; the different mixtures of flour, milk or water, eggs, and so on beaten together and used to coat food before cooking; and the sweet mixes used to coat a cake.

These are usually part of the preparation for other recipes and not a dish in themselves, although there are exceptions. Some stuffings can be cooked as side dish and some cream fillings can be served as dessert ontheir own.


Dashi is a type of Japanese stock. Dashi is the base for miso soup, and it is used to make broth, Japanese noodle soup and other recipes.